What Age Can a Child Choose Which Parent to Live With in Colorado

Title: What Age Can a Child Choose Which Parent to Live With in Colorado?


In child custody cases, determining the best living arrangement for a child can be a complex and emotional process. Colorado law recognizes the importance of considering a child’s wishes when determining custody arrangements. However, at what age can a child choose which parent to live with? This article aims to shed light on this question and provide clarity regarding this matter in the state of Colorado.

Understanding the Best Interests of the Child:

In Colorado, the guiding principle in child custody cases is the best interests of the child. This means that the court will consider various factors, including the child’s emotional, physical, and developmental needs when making custody decisions. While the child’s preference is a factor that can be taken into account, it is not the sole determinant.

Factors Influencing a Child’s Decision:

The court may consider a child’s preference when they are deemed to have sufficient maturity and intelligence to express their opinions. Colorado law does not specify a particular age at which a child’s preference will be automatically considered. Instead, each case is evaluated individually, taking into account factors such as the child’s age, maturity, and the reasons behind their preference.


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1. At what age can a child choose which parent to live with in Colorado?
There is no specific age mentioned in Colorado law. The court determines a child’s maturity level and capacity to express their preference on a case-by-case basis.

2. Can a child’s preference be the sole determining factor in custody decisions?
No, the child’s preference is just one factor that the court considers when determining custody. The court prioritizes the overall best interests of the child.

3. How can a child express their preference to the court?
A child’s preference can be expressed through their own testimony in court, through interviews with a Child and Family Investigator (CFI), or through a Guardian ad Litem (GAL) appointed by the court.

4. Can a child’s preference be influenced by one parent?
The court is aware of the possibility of parental influence. Any allegations of manipulation or coercion will be investigated thoroughly to ensure that the child’s preference is genuine.

5. Will a child’s preference always be followed by the court?
While the court takes the child’s preference into consideration, they are not bound by it. The court will weigh all relevant factors to make a custody decision that is in the child’s best interests.

6. Can a child change their preference over time?
Yes, a child’s preference can change as they grow older and experience different life circumstances. The court will consider the most current and genuine expression of the child’s preference.

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7. Can a child be questioned directly by the judge?
In most cases, the court will appoint a CFI or GAL to interview the child and provide a report to the judge. However, in rare circumstances, a judge may decide to question the child directly.


In Colorado, the age at which a child can choose which parent to live with is not specified by law. Instead, the court will consider a child’s maturity level, capacity to express their preferences, and the overall best interests of the child. While a child’s preference is an important factor, it is not the sole determinant in custody decisions. Ultimately, the court’s goal is to ensure the child’s well-being and happiness by making decisions that are in their best interests.