Mexico City Is an Example of How Humans Alter Their Environment Because It Was __________.

Mexico City Is an Example of How Humans Alter Their Environment Because It Was __________.


Mexico City, the capital of Mexico, is a bustling metropolis that stands as a living testament to how humans have altered their environment. Over the centuries, this vibrant city has experienced significant changes, both natural and man-made, shaping its landscape and contributing to its current state. From the ancient Aztec civilization to the Spanish colonization and modern urbanization, Mexico City’s transformation is a captivating example of human impact on the environment.

1. How did ancient civilizations alter Mexico City’s environment?

Mexico City was initially established by the Aztecs in the 14th century on an island in Lake Texcoco. To create a sustainable living space, they constructed an intricate system of canals and artificial islands called chinampas. These chinampas were used for agriculture, allowing the Aztecs to cultivate crops and sustain their populous civilization.

2. What was the impact of Spanish colonization on Mexico City’s environment?

When the Spanish arrived in the 16th century, they drained the surrounding lakes to reduce flooding and expand the city. This alteration of the natural hydrological system led to a gradual sinking of the city, a process that continues to this day. The depletion of the water table also caused a scarcity of freshwater resources.

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3. How does urbanization contribute to the alteration of Mexico City’s environment?

As Mexico City grew into a modern metropolis, urbanization played a significant role in altering the environment. The rapid population growth and industrialization led to increased air and water pollution. The demand for infrastructure resulted in deforestation and the destruction of natural habitats. Additionally, the construction of tall buildings contributes to the city’s ongoing subsidence.

4. What are the consequences of Mexico City’s altered environment?

The altered environment of Mexico City has numerous consequences. The sinking of the city has caused structural damage to buildings and infrastructure. The heavy pollution levels have led to respiratory problems and various health issues among the population. Deforestation has resulted in the loss of biodiversity, disrupting ecosystems and threatening the survival of many plant and animal species.

5. How does Mexico City cope with its environmental challenges?

Mexico City has implemented various measures to combat its environmental challenges. These include the improvement of public transportation systems, the introduction of stricter emission standards for vehicles, and the creation of green spaces to mitigate pollution. The city also promotes recycling initiatives and encourages water conservation practices.

6. What is being done to address the sinking issue in Mexico City?

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To address the sinking issue, Mexico City has implemented measures such as reducing groundwater extraction and implementing water management strategies. The city is also exploring the use of innovative technologies, including artificial aquifers and soil stabilization techniques, to slow down the subsidence process.

7. Can Mexico City’s environment be restored to its original state?

Restoring Mexico City’s environment to its original state is a complex task. However, efforts are being made to mitigate the damage caused by human alteration. By implementing sustainable practices, investing in green infrastructure, and raising awareness about environmental conservation, the city aims to improve its environmental conditions and restore a balance between urban development and nature.


Mexico City serves as a prime example of how humans have altered their environment throughout history. From the Aztecs’ innovative agriculture techniques to the Spanish colonization’s drastic changes, and the modern challenges of urbanization, the city’s transformation reflects the consequences of human actions on the environment. While Mexico City continues to face environmental challenges, efforts are being made to restore and improve its conditions for future generations. By learning from its past mistakes and implementing sustainable practices, Mexico City can serve as an inspiration for other cities worldwide to prioritize the preservation and conservation of their environment.

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