How Old to Buy a Gun in AZ

Title: How Old to Buy a Gun in AZ: An In-depth Look at Arizona’s Firearm Purchase Laws


The state of Arizona is known for its strong support of the Second Amendment and the rights of its citizens to bear arms. However, it is important to understand the legal requirements and restrictions in place when it comes to purchasing firearms. One of the key factors to consider is the minimum age to buy a gun in Arizona. In this article, we will delve into the specifics of Arizona’s firearm purchase laws, addressing frequently asked questions and providing clear answers to help clarify any confusion.

Understanding Arizona’s Firearm Purchase Laws:

In Arizona, the minimum age for purchasing a firearm varies depending on the type of firearm in question. The legal age limits are as follows:

1. Long Guns (rifles and shotguns): The minimum age to purchase a long gun in Arizona is 18 years old. This includes firearms such as bolt-action rifles, semi-automatic rifles, and shotguns.

2. Handguns: To purchase a handgun in Arizona, one must be at least 21 years old. This age restriction applies to both semi-automatic and single-shot handguns.

Frequently Asked Questions:

1. Can someone under the legal age of purchasing a firearm possess a gun in Arizona?
No, it is illegal for anyone under the minimum age requirements to possess a firearm, even if it is not purchased by them.

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2. Can a parent or guardian purchase a firearm for their underage child in Arizona?
Yes, a parent or guardian may legally purchase a firearm for their child in Arizona, provided that the child meets the legal age requirements for possessing that firearm. However, it is important to note that straw purchases (buying a firearm for someone who is not legally allowed to possess it) are illegal.

3. Are there any exceptions to the age restrictions for purchasing firearms in Arizona?
Yes, there are exceptions. For example, individuals who are 18 years or older and hold a valid hunting license or are currently participating in a hunting expedition may purchase or possess a firearm.

4. Are background checks required for firearm purchases in Arizona?
Federal law mandates background checks for all firearm purchases made through licensed dealers. Private sales, however, do not require a background check in Arizona. However, it is always recommended to exercise caution and ensure the person you are selling or purchasing from is legally allowed to possess a firearm.

5. Can someone under the age of 18 carry a firearm in Arizona?
Yes, Arizona law allows individuals under the age of 18 to carry a firearm, such as a rifle or shotgun, as long as they have the permission of a parent or guardian and are engaged in lawful activities such as hunting, target shooting, or attending a firearms safety course.

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6. Can an individual who is not a resident of Arizona purchase a firearm in the state?
Yes, non-residents can legally purchase firearms in Arizona, as long as they meet the age requirements and pass the required background checks.

7. Are there any additional restrictions on firearm purchases in Arizona?
While Arizona has relatively lenient firearm purchase laws, certain restrictions apply. For instance, individuals convicted of certain crimes, under a domestic violence restraining order, or deemed mentally incompetent may be restricted from purchasing or possessing firearms.


Understanding the age requirements for purchasing firearms in Arizona is crucial to ensure compliance with the law. While the state’s laws generally allow for the purchase of firearms at a younger age compared to some other states, it is important to remember that responsible ownership and safe usage of firearms should always be prioritized. Familiarizing oneself with the relevant firearm laws and seeking professional guidance when necessary will contribute to safer gun ownership within the legal framework.